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When should myopia be corrected in children

Family Education Eric Jones 208 views 0 comments

Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common vision condition in which individuals have difficulty seeing objects at a distance. It is estimated that up to 42% of children in the United States have myopia. While it is a common condition, it is important to address it early in order to prevent further deterioration of vision and potential complications.

The onset of myopia typically occurs in childhood and can worsen throughout adolescence. Therefore, it is important to have children undergo regular eye exams starting at a young age. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that children have their first eye exam at the age of 3, and then again at the age of 5 or 6. From there, children should have an eye exam every 1-2 years until they reach the age of 18.

If myopia is detected during an eye exam, there are several options for correction. The most common form of correction is the use of eyeglasses or contact lenses. These can help to improve distance vision and can be prescribed based on the degree of myopia. Another option is to use orthokeratology, also known as corneal reshaping, which is a non-surgical procedure that temporarily reshapes the cornea to improve vision.

Another option for correcting myopia in children is through the use of progressive addition lenses (PALs). These are a type of eyeglasses that have a gradually increasing prescription from the top to the bottom of the lens. This allows the child to see clearly at all distances and can slow the progression of myopia.

Another alternative is the use of Atropine eye drops, which have been found to slow the progression of myopia in children by temporarily paralyzing the ciliary muscle, which is responsible for the eye’s ability to change focus. The frequency of drops can vary depending on the degree of myopia and the child’s age.

In addition to these correction options, there are also a number of lifestyle changes that can be made to help slow the progression of myopia in children. These include spending more time outdoors, reducing screen time, and incorporating eye exercises into their daily routine.

In conclusion, myopia is a common condition that can have a significant impact on vision if left untreated. It is important for parents to have their children undergo regular eye exams starting at a young age in order to detect and correct myopia early on. There are several options for correction, including eyeglasses, contact lenses, orthokeratology, progressive addition lenses, Atropine eye drops, and lifestyle changes. Each option has its own benefits and drawbacks, and the best course of treatment will depend on the individual child and the degree of myopia.

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