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Review of myopia management for children

Family Education Thomas Thompson 459 views 0 comments

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a growing concern for children and families worldwide. With the increasing amount of screen time and sedentary activities among children, myopia is becoming more prevalent, especially among children under the age of 18. In light of this growing problem, effective management of myopia in children is becoming increasingly important.

Myopia is typically managed through the use of corrective lenses, such as glasses or contact lenses. While these traditional methods can improve vision and provide clarity, they do not address the underlying cause of myopia and do not slow its progression. As a result, myopia management has emerged as a new approach to address the underlying cause of myopia and slow its progression in children.

Myopia management typically includes a combination of various strategies, including outdoor activities, multifocal contact lenses, orthokeratology (or corneal reshaping) lenses, and atropine eye drops. Each of these strategies has its own benefits and risks, and it is important to discuss these with a healthcare provider to determine the best approach for individual needs.

Outdoor activities, such as sports and outdoor play, have been shown to be effective in reducing the progression of myopia in children. By spending more time outdoors and less time in front of screens, children can reduce their risk of developing myopia and slow its progression.

Multifocal contact lenses and orthokeratology lenses are designed to correct the vision and slow the progression of myopia. These lenses work by reducing the amount of time the eye focuses on close-up tasks, which can help slow the progression of myopia.

Atropine eye drops are another option for managing myopia in children. Atropine has been shown to be effective in slowing the progression of myopia, however, it may cause side effects such as light sensitivity, blurred near vision, and increased risk of eye infections.

Myopia management for children is an important issue for families and healthcare providers. With the increasing prevalence of myopia, it is important to understand the various management options available and the risks and benefits of each. By working together, families and healthcare providers can develop a personalized approach to myopia management that meets the individual needs and preferences of children with myopia. With the right approach, children with myopia can enjoy clear vision, improved quality of life, and a reduced risk of related eye health problems in the future.

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